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What is a Security Operations Center (SOC), and What it is like Working in One?
Security Operation Center is a security unit in any organization that will handle any security cases arising in the organization’s day-to-day running. The work of SOC is monitoring threats, preventing them, detecting and investigating the threats, and responding to the cyber threats, thus offering cybersecurity. The security unit consists of a security analyst, security engineer, SOC manager, and CISO. The team’s responsibility is monitoring and analyzing security details in an organization and giving the necessary response.
Duties of Various SOC Jobs
- Security analyst – he or she is the first person to respond to the threat. He detects the threat, investigates it, and gives it a reaction on time.
- Manager – he oversees the whole security team and the procedure. He also enhances communication among the staff.
- Security architect – he or she develops the soft-ware necessary for curbing different kinds of threats.
- Incident response managers – handle attacks and use the correct procedures to remove the threat.
- Threat hunter – they test in a network to identify vulnerabilities.
How a SOC Works – Detecting and Preventing
Organizations get attacked every other day. If not well protected, it can lead to loss of information or information getting into the wrong hands like the competitors. It is the work of the security team to detect any incoming activity that is malicious. If the threat has already penetrated, how much damage has it caused? This will help them put the proper measures and prevent the information and the organizational property from external threats.
Investigating the Threat
After detecting a threat that has penetrated an organization, a SOC analyst will analyze and determine the nature of the threat, the extent of penetration, and the degree of damage it has caused. Having determined the threat source, the analyst can protect the organizational information from further exposure or inappropriate uses.
Responding to the Threat
This is the reaction the security team will give to the threat. For example, if the files are at the risk of being deleted, the responder’s first action should be to save the files elsewhere so that they can be retrieved later.
Roles of the Security Operation Center Team
Determining Assets: The team needs to be aware of the technological means, tools, software, and also the hardware used by the organization. This survey will help the team focus on ensuring that they are all in good condition and not vulnerable to threats. They will also keep them updated.
Compliance Audit: The standards of the company must be followed when dealing with threats. Rules and regulations must be adhered to in every procedure
Alert Ranking: The security team will require to classify threats depending on their likelihood to happen and the severity of the damage they cause. Some threats will demand reaction immediately, while others can be handled later if they lack urgency.
Activity Log: This process involves collecting and storing activities that are taking place in the organization. In case of a threat, they can retrieve information step by step and determine at what point they got exposed to threats. Once they discover that information, they can solve the problem and put up preventive measures on the defence side.
Consistency in Monitoring: Keeping track of the company activities and data will help the security team detect threats early enough. They will take the proper measurements before their threats affect the organization. The measures will be preventive and not reactive.
Incident Recovery: After a threat occurs, the security team will perform an analysis to determine the root cause of the threat. The threat will be resolved from the analysis, and the organization is expected to recover from the incident. If data had been compromised, it is also recovered. The security team will adopt the latest strategies to keep their data safe.
What it is Like to Work in a Security Operation Center (SOC)?
The life of cybersecurity experts can be tedious. You sit with a computer searching for threats and mitigating others, and it becomes monotonous. But at the end of the day. Everyone will look up to you and blame your experience on handling threats when all goes wrong.
Overloaded with Work: IT skilled personnel come in short supply. Organizations are typically not able to employ enough staff for Security Operations Center. This affects their ability to handle all the threats and react to them on time. They also often become overly tired, and their work is not practical. Organizations should consider hiring more staff to ensure the efficiency of work in defending themselves. However, in order to do so, the market needs more skilled professionals who are consistently training and learning.
Software that Alert about Threats can be Overbearing: Too many alerts can overwhelm staff with work. Before the security analyst is done with the first threat, another threat is on his desk for him to solve, and they keep piling up. This work can be exhausting, especially when you follow up on false positives.
Outdated technologies can create increasing work-load for these cyber experts. A well-automated system will bring about efficient and effective means of dealing with threats.
A SOC is vital to an organization because it reduces risk and creates greater organizational efficiency. It also saves time used to curb and recover from threats, which means customers trust you more because of a strong security posture. Organizations need more SOC Analysts, and this need is only increasing. This makes the SOC Analyst position one very well worth working towards and improving at.